Answers: The Trinity
Who is the Trinity? How do we know the Trinity exists, and where’s the Biblical support? This week, discover the awesomeness of the Trinity. Daily prayer and memory: Psalm 119:89-90
Monday, Jan 22
Read Genesis 1:1-3, Psalm 33:6, John 1:1-5 and Hebrews 11:3. What does this teach us about God? Who was present at creation? What is similar in these passages, especially between the Genesis and John passages? Even though we don’t specifically read the word “Trinity” in these passages, what evidence do you see?
Tuesday, Jan 23
Find the Athanasian Creed (see below). This creed is from AD 500, and shows that the early church had a clear understanding (as clear as we humans can get, at least!) of the Trinity. What stands out to you in this creed? Why did the authors believe in this doctrine, and do you agree with it? Why or why not?
Wednesday, Jan 24
Read Matthew 3:13-17 & John 15:26. How might these passages be our best image and description of the Trinity? How could this lead misunderstanding about the Trinity, or the Three Persons of the Trinity? How do the Three Persons relate to each other?
Thursday, Jan 25
Read Isaiah 44:23-24, Colossians 1:15-17 & Psalm 104:30. What is God praised for? Who helped Him? Who is the Creator? What do these passages tell us about Him?
Friday, Jan 26
Read Galatians 1:1, John 1:1, and Acts 5:3-4. What is the role of each Person of the Trinity? Why is it important to understand each member of the Trinity? Why is it important to understand the Trinity at all?
Saturday, Jan 27
Read Deuteronomy 6:4 & Isaiah 44:23-24 & 46:9. How many gods are there? Why is this important?
Whosoever will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the catholic faith. Which faith except every one do keep whole and undefiled; without doubt he shall perish everlastingly. And the catholic faith is this: That we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity; Neither confounding the Persons; nor dividing the Essence. For there is one Person of the Father; another of the Son; and another of the Holy Ghost. But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, is all one; the Glory equal, the Majesty coeternal. Such as the Father is; such is the Son; and such is the Holy Ghost. The Father uncreated; the Son uncreated; and the Holy Ghost uncreated. The Father unlimited; the Son unlimited; and the Holy Ghost unlimited. The Father eternal; the Son eternal; and the Holy Ghost eternal. And yet they are not three eternals; but one eternal. As also there are not three uncreated; nor three infinites, but one uncreated; and one infinite. So likewise the Father is Almighty; the Son Almighty; and the Holy Ghost Almighty. And yet they are not three Almighties; but one Almighty. So the Father is God; the Son is God; and the Holy Ghost is God. And yet they are not three Gods; but one God. So likewise the Father is Lord; the Son Lord; and the Holy Ghost Lord. And yet not three Lords; but one Lord. For like as we are compelled by the Christian verity; to acknowledge every Person by himself to be God and Lord; So are we forbidden by the catholic religion; to say, There are three Gods, or three Lords. The Father is made of none; neither created, nor begotten. The Son is of the Father alone; not made, nor created; but begotten. The Holy Ghost is of the Father and of the Son; neither made, nor created, nor begotten; but proceeding. So there is one Father, not three Fathers; one Son, not three Sons; one Holy Ghost, not three Holy Ghosts. And in this Trinity none is before, or after another; none is greater, or less than another. But the whole three Persons are coeternal, and coequal. So that in all things, as aforesaid; the Unity in Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity, is to be worshipped. He therefore that will be saved, let him thus think of the Trinity.
Furthermore, it is necessary to everlasting salvation; that he also believe faithfully the Incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ. For the right Faith is, that we believe and confess; that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and Man; God, of the Substance [Essence] of the Father; begotten before the worlds; and Man, of the Substance [Essence] of his Mother, born in the world. Perfect God; and perfect Man, of a reasonable soul and human flesh subsisting. Equal to the Father, as touching his Godhead; and inferior to the Father as touching his Manhood. Who although he is God and Man; yet he is not two, but one Christ. One; not by conversion of the Godhead into flesh; but by assumption of the Manhood into God. One altogether; not by confusion of Substance [Essence]; but by unity of Person. For as the reasonable soul and flesh is one man; so God and Man is one Christ; Who suffered for our salvation; descended into hell; rose again the third day from the dead. He ascended into heaven, he sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty, from whence he will come to judge the living and the dead. At whose coming all men will rise again with their bodies; And shall give account for their own works. And they that have done good shall go into life everlasting; and they that have done evil, into everlasting fire. This is the catholic faith; which except a man believe truly and firmly, he cannot be saved.